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The ruins of Petra are located in Jordan, in the Middle East. It is an impressive ancient city whose architecture is entirely carved into the rock. The date of the city's emergence remains unknown, but it became the capital of the Nabate Empire around the 1st century BC. The archaeological site was discovered in 1812 by the Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt.

FAQs for Petra

  • What is the origin of the name Petra?
    The name comes from the Greek petros which means stone. Another name for Petra is mentioned pink, because of the coloring of the rocks.

  • What famous film was made in Petra?
    One of the scenes from the film Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989) was filmed in Petra, in the Al Khazneh, the city's most famous temple.

Things to do and see in Petra

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